As one of the world’s most astonishing cultural and historical destinations, Iran is highly deserved to be considered by embracing an unbelievably awesome wide range such type of attractions. Iran is the former territory of the Persians, the ones who have formed one of the most advanced civilizations within the past history of the ancient eras; as a visible and so tangible aspect of this civilization, the remained sites and monuments are so highlighted. Iran is an ancient country with more than 2500 years of shining historical record while it was the realm to many dynasties who have ruled in this extended territory during these long years. These dynasties have founded extraordinary great monuments and sites including the Royal Palaces, the Islamic Mosques, the Christians’ Churches, the Zoroastrians’ Fire Temples and many different types of historical attractions which spread out through the whole parts of the country, from south to the north, east to the west. In addition to the man-made historical and cultural sites, Iran possesses an undeniably unique nature with an extended type of attractions; from the evergreen forests to the totally arid deserts embracing the world’s hottest point. Not that far from the unique nature of the Middle-East’s pearl, Iran is home to really significant flora and fauna which has a universal fame.

 

 

The primary introduction has been mentioned in order to describe the brilliant extension of the attractions in Iran, specially the ones which are not only owning by the Iranian people, the ones which have the universal significance and are not just limiting to the a specific region or nation.

IRAN is so honored of embracing 22 rare sites inscribed as UNESCO World Heritages which has formed the main concept of Iran’s cultural and historical tours, the most popular tour type of this destination. The more to explore the country of Iran, the more to recognize the bulky number of awesome sites which aren’t inscribed yet, while they are really deserved to be.

“Omidan Travel” is honored to provide you with a totally comprehensive information about each of these 22 registered site within this article.

  1. Armenian Monastic Emblems of Iran

St Thaddeus, St Stepanos and the Chapel of Dzordzor are considered as monastic emblems of the Armenian, Christian and faith which are located in the north-west of the country. These sites dates back to the 7th century are some rare evidences of the superb universal significance of architecture and the decorative arts of the Armenians. The monasteries which have been founded in the main cultural region of the Armenians are considered as a major Center for the publication of this respected culture and religion.

  

  1. Bam and its Cultural Landscapes

Located in a totally deserted and really arid environment within the southern point of the Iranian high plateau, Bam Citadel is an ancient Iranian monument which dates back to the Achaemenid empire period, known as one of the most highlighted eras through the whole past history of Iran. The most brilliant historical period of this specific site dates back to 7th to 11th centuries, when it was the located on the main trade route of the former Persia, Iran, “ the Silk Road. The citadel is a true representative of the advanced construction method over that historical era as it has been founded by a unique technique using mud layers.

 

  1. Bisotun

The principal monument of the ancient Bisotun which is located along the ancient trade route linking the former Persia, Iran, to the Mesopotamia and feature remains from the prehistoric time to the Median, Achaemenid, Sassanian and Ilkhanid dynasty, is the bas-relief inscription ordered by Darius the great, when has been the king of the Persian Empire. The carvings are showing Darius the great holding a bow and trending on the chest of  a figure who lies on his back.

 

  1. Cultural Landscape of Meymand

Meymand is an Iranian rural region with really different and unique features demonstrating an entirely exclusive lifestyle in this village. The villagers who are living within a semi-nomadic style are living within a traditional living kind as they are living with the hand made caves within the mountains central part of Iran.

 

  1. Golestan Palace

As an extraordinary awesome integration of the Persian art & architecture with Western influences, Golestan Palace is a master piece which dates back to the Qajar era. The palace is located in the central part of Tehran, where is known as the old part of the city, in the vicinity of the most highlighted historical attractions like National Archeological Museum, National Jewelry Museum and, Carpet Museum and the grand Bazaar of Tehran. Golestan Palace is one of the oldest group buildings which had been used as the seat of the Qajar family.

  1. Gonbad-e Qabus

A 53 meter high tower as the tomb of Qabus Ibn Voshmgir is an outstanding evidence to demonstrate the cultural exchanges between Central Asian Nomad’s and the ancient civilization of Iran. The tower, built of unglazed fired bricks which have formed an extremely complicated geometric cylinder, is illustrates the development of mathematics and science over the Muslim nation within the first millennium AD.

 

  1. Historic city of Yazd

Yazd is one of the oldest Iranian cities and the second ancient adobe city of the world. It is home to many ancient and historical sites which are considered as the most highlighted attractions to visit in Iran. The historic city of Yazd is one of the attractions which has been inscribed as a world heritage site in 2017. This region is where to find the rare persian and historical Iranian monuments like traditional houses and bazaars, baths, mosques, Zoroastrian fire temples, historic persian gardens and the persian qanat.


  1. Masjed-e Jame of Isfahan

Known as the Friday Mosque of Isfahan, the Jame mosque is a stunning illustration of the evolution of Iranian architecture over 12 centuries. The mosque has been formed by a Sassanid layout covering more than 20,000 square meters and is located in the historic center of Isfahan. In addition to the rare religious significances, Masjed-e Jame of Isfahan features remarkable decorative details representing a stylistic development through thousand years of islamic art.

 

  1. Meidan Emam, Esfahan

Meidan Emam , also known as Naqsh-e Jahan Square, is a Safavid heritage built by Shah Abbas the great at the beginning of the 17th century. The site is surrounded by the majority of other most highlighted sites of Isfahan such as, Sheikh Lotfullah Mosque, Shah Mosque, Ali Qapu palace and Qaysariyyeh Bazaar; which are all demonstrating the awesome architecture of the Safavid dynasty’s pioneer.


  1. Pasargadae

The first dynastic capital of the Achaemenid empire founded by Cyrus the great located in Fars Province the original homeland of the Persians, is Pasargadae which was embracing rare royal palaces, gardens and the mausoleum of Cyrus. Regards to the notable significance of Pasargadae at that age, it is considered as the first empire that respects cultural diversity of different people who are living in it’s territory.

 

  1. Persepolis

Persepolis was the capital of the Achaemenid Empire founded by Darius in 518 B.C. As the most highlighted and unique archeological site of Iran which is embracing the monumental ruins of the Achaemenid empire, Persepolis is a world heritage site located in the vicinity of Shiraz in Fars Province.

 

  1. Shahr-i Sokhta

Founded around 3200 BC, Shahr-i Sokhta, meaning “ Burnt City”, is located in south eastern part of Iran Plateau. This ancient city has been formed at the junction of Bronze Age trade routes crossing the Iranian plateau. Sever climate changes has destroyed the city in way the whole main structures of the city was totally disappeared. This ancient site is considered as a really wealthy information source regards to the advanced ancient societies.


  1. Sheikh Safi al-din Khanegah and Shrine Ensemble in Ardabil

Sheikh Safi al-din Khanegah and Shrine Ensemble is an entirely religious and spiritual site formed by rare Iranian traditional architectural features to maximize the functionality of it in order to accommodate a variety of different parts such as : library, mosque, school, mausoleum, hospital, kitchens, bakery and etc. The site is located in the north-western part of the country and had been built between the beginning of the 16th century and the end of 18th century.

 

  1. Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System

Known as a masterpiece of creative genius which dates back to Darius the great ages in the 5th century B.C, Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System is involved the creation of two main diversion canals on Karun river. It may be interested to know that one of these canals is still being used to provide the water for the city of Shushtar.

 

  1. Soltaniyeh

Not only the mausoleum of Oljaytu, but also the capital of Ilkhanid dynasty founded by the Mongols, Soltaniyeh is an Iranian historical city which is located in Zanjan province. Soltaniyeh is one of the outstanding examples of Persian’ achievements in terms of architectural aspects while being considered a key monument in the development of the islamic architecture.

 

  1. Susa

Susa is an excavated architectural monument including administrative, residential and palatial structure, located in the south-west of Iran, within the Zagros mountain range. The site contains several layers of superimposed urban settlements in a continuous succession from the late 5th millennium BCE until the 13th century CE.

 

  1. Tabriz historic bazaar complex

The historical bazaar of Tabriz was one of the most highlighted trade centers of the historical Silk Road. It is located in the Eastern Azerbaijan province of Iran. Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex consists of a series of interconnected, covered, brick structures, buildings, and enclosed spaces for different functions. Tabriz and its Bazaar were already prosperous and famous in the 13th century, when the town, in the province of Eastern Azerbaijan, became the capital city of the Safavid kingdom.


  1. Takht-e Soleyman

The archaeological site of Takht-e Soleyman, in north-western Iran, is situated in a valley set in a volcanic mountain region. The site includes the principal Zoroastrian sanctuary partly rebuilt in the Ilkhanid period as well as a temple of the Sasanian period dedicated to Anahita. The site has important symbolic significance. The designs of the fire temple, the palace and the general layout have strongly influenced the development of Islamic architecture.

 

  1. Tchogha Zanbil

The ruins of the holy city of the Kingdom of Elam, surrounded by three huge concentric walls, are found at Tchogha Zanbil. Founded c. 1250 B.C., the city remained unfinished after it was invaded by Ashurbanipal, as shown by the thousands of unused bricks left at the site.

 

  1. The persian Garden

As an Iranian property embracing nine gardens within different parts of the country, the persian garden exemplify an awesome diversity of design that evolved and adapted to different climate conditions while retaining principles that have their roots within the kingdom of Cyrus the great. The gardens are always divided to four sectors, although the water is playing the main rule.

 

  1. The persian Qanat

Within the arid regions of Iran, agricultural and permanent settlements are supported by the ancient qanat system of tapping alluvial aquifers at the heads of valleys and conducting the water along underground tunnels by gravity, often over many far distances. The eleven qanats representing this system include rest areas for workers, water reservoirs and watermills.

 

  1. Lut Desert

 By representing an exceptional example of ongoing geological processes, Lut Desert or also known as Dasht-e-Lut, presents some of the most spectacular examples of aeolian yardang landforms (massive corrugated ridges). The site is located in the south-east of the country of Iran, where is swept by strong winds between June & October.